BAFF, a blow.
BAGGANET, a bayonet.
BAILIE, a city magistrate in Scotland.
BAIRN, a child.
BALLANT, a ballad.
BANG-UP, get up quickly, bounce.
BANNOCK, a flat round or oval cake.
BARKEN, stiffen, dry to a crust.
BARLEY, a parley, a truce.
BARROW-TRAMS, the shafts of a hand barrow.
BAWBEE, a halfpenny.
BAWTY, sly, cunning.
BAXTER, a baker.
BEES, in the, bewildered, stupefied.
BEFLUMM’D, flattered, cajoled.
BEGUNK, a trick, a cheat.
BELIVE, belyve, by and by.
BEN, within, inside.
BENT, an open field.
BERLING, a galley.
BHAIRD, a bard.
BICKER, a wooden dish.
BIDE, stay, endure.
BIELD, a shelter, a house.
BIELDY, affording shelter.
BILLIE, a brother, a companion.
BING OUT AND TOUR, go out and watch.
BINNA, be not.
BIRK, a birch tree.
BIRLIEMAN, a peace officer.
BIT, a little.
BITTLE, beat with a bat.
BITTOCK, a little bit.
BLACK PETER, a portmanteau.
BLACK-COCK, the black grouse.
BLACK-FISHING, fishing by torchlight, poaching.
BLATE, shy, bashful.
BLEAR, obscure. BLINKED, glanced.
BLUDE, bluid, blood.
BLUNKER, a cloth printer.
BLYTHE, gay, glad.
BODDLE, BODLE, a copper coin, worth one third of an English penny.
BOGLE ABOUT THE BUSH, beat about the bush, a children’s game.
BOGLE, a goblin, a spectre.
BOLE, a bowl.
BONNET, a cap.
BONNIE, beautiful, comely, fine,
BONSPIEL, a match game at curling.
BOOT-KETCH, a boot-jack.
BOTTLE-HEAD, beetle-head, stupid fellow.
BOW, a boll.
BOWSTER, a bolster.
BRA’, fine, handsome, showy.
BRAE, the side of a hill.
BRENT, smooth, unwrinkled.
BRIGG, a bridge.
BRISSEL-COCK, a turkey cock.
BROCK, a badger, a dirty fellow.
BROD, a church collection plate.
BROGUES, Highland shoes.
BROKEN MEN, outlaws.
BROO, brew, broth.
BROUGHT FAR BEN, held in special favor
BROWST, a brewing.
BRUCKLE, brittle, infirm.
BRULZIE, bruilzie, a broil, a fray.
BUCKIE, a perverse or refractory person.
BUCKKAR, a smuggling lugger.
BULLSEGG, a gelded bull.
BULLY-HUFF, a bully, a braggart.
BURD, bird, a term of familiarity.
BURN, a brook.
BUSKING, dress, decoration.
BUTTOCK-MAIL, a fine for fornication.
CADGER, a country carrier.
CAILLIACHS, old women on whom devolved the duty of lamenting for the dead, which the Irish call keening.
CAKE-HOUSE, a house of entertainment.
CALLANT, a stripling, a fine fellow.
CANNY, prudent, skillful, lucky, cautious.
CANTER, a canting, whining beggar.
CANTLE, a fragment.
CANTRIP, a trick.
CAPONS, castrated cocks.
CARLE, a churl, an old man.
CAST, lot, fate.
CATERAN, a Highland irregular soldier, a freebooter.
CHAP, a customer.
CHAPPING-STICK, a stick to strike with.
CHEERER, spirits and hot water.
CHIEL, a young man.
CHIELD, a young man.
CHUMLAY, a chimney.
CLACHAN, a village, a hamlet.
CLAMYHEWIT, a blow, a drubbing.
CLASH, chatter, gossip.
CLASHES, lies, scandal.
CLATTER, tattle, noisy talk.
CLAUGHT, clutched, caught.
CLAW FAVOUR, curry favour.
CLAYMORE, a broad sword.
CLEEK, a hook.
CLEIK the cunzie, steal the silver.
CLODDED, threw heavily.
CLOSE, a lane, a narrow passage.
CLOUR, a bump, a bruise, a heavy blow.
CLOYED A DUD, stolen a rag.
COBLE, a small fishing boat.
COCKY-LEEKY, a soup made of a cock, seasoned with leeks.
COGHLING AND DROGHLING, wheezing and blowing.
COGS, wooden vessels.
COGUE, a round wooden vessel.
COLLIESHANGIE, an uproar.
COME O’ WILL, a child of love.
CONCUSSED, violently shaken, disturbed, forced.
CORONACH, a dirge.
CORRIE, a mountain hollow.
COVE, a cave.
COW YER CRACKS, cut short your talk, hold your tongues.
CRAIG, the neck, the throat.
CRAME, a booth, a merchant’s shop.
CRAMES, merchants’ shops, booths.
CRAMP-RING, shackles, fetters.
CREAGH, an incursion for plunder, termed on the Borders a raid.
CREEL, a basket.
CROUSE, bold, courageous.
CRUMMY, a cow with crooked horns.
CUDDY, an ass.
CURRAGH, a Highland boat.
CUSP, an entrance to a house.
CUSSER, a courser, a stallion. daft, mad, foolish.
DAFT, foolish, mad, crazy.
DAURNA, dare not.
DEBINDED, bound down.
DECREET, an order of decree.
DEIL-BE-LICKIT, nothing, naught.
DELIVER, light, agile.
DEOCH AN DORUIS, the stirrup-cup or parting drink.
DERN, hidden, concealed, secret.
DIKE, a wall, a ditch.
DING, knock, beat, surpass.
DINGLE, a dell, a hollow.
DINGLE, dinnle, tingle, vibrate with sound.
DINMONTS, wethers in the second year.
DIZZEN, a dozen.
DOER, an agent, a manager.
DOG-HEAD, the hammer of a gun.
DOILED, crazed, silly.
DOITED, having the faculties impaired.
DOO, a dove.
DOOKET, dukit, a dovecot.
DOON, doun, down.
DORLACH, a bundle.
DOUSE THE GLIM, put out the light.
DOW, a dove.
DOW, list, wish.
DOWF, dowff, dull, spiritless.
DRAP, a drop.
DRAPPIE, a little drop, a small quantity of drink.
DUB, a puddle.
DUINHÉ-WASSEL, dunniewassal, a Highland gentleman, usually the cadet of a family of rank.
EANARUICH, the regalia presented by Rob Roy to the Laird of Tullibody.
EASSEL, provincial for eastward.
EFFEIR, what is becoming.
ERGASTULO, in a penitentiary.
ETTER-CAP, a spider, an ill-natured person.
EVENING, putting on the same level. faem, foam.
EVITE, avoid, escape.
EWEST, ewast, contiguous.
FALLOW, a fellow.
FEAL AND DIVOT, turf and thatch.
FECK, a quantity.
FEIFTEEN, the Jacobite rebellion of 1715.
FELL, a skin.
FENDY, good at making a shift.
FERNSEED, gather the, make invisible.
FIE, mad, foredoomed.
FIENT A BIT, never a bit
FIENT A HAET, not the least.
FIRE-RAISING, setting an incendiary fire.
FIRLOT, a quarter of a boll.
FIT, a foot.
FLESH, fleesh, a fleece.
FLEYT, frightened, shy.
FOND, glad to.
FOUMART, a polecat.
FRUMMAGEM’D, throttled, hanged.
FULE-BODY, a foolish person. gae, go.
GABERLUNZIE, a kind of professional beggar.
GAD, a goad, a rod.
GATE, gait, way.
GAY, gey, very.
GEAR, goods, property.
GELDING, a castrated horse.
GENTLE or SEMPLE, high born or common people.
GHAIST, a ghost.
GILLFLIRT, a flirty girl.
GILLIE-WET-FOOT, a barefooted Highland lad.
GILLIE, a servant, an attendant.
GIMMER, a ewe from one to two years old.
GITE, crazy, a noodle,
GLED, a kite.
GLEG, quick, clever.
GLIFFING, a surprise, an instant.
GLISK, a glimpse.
GOWAN, a field daisy.
GOWPEN, a double handful.
GREYBEARD, a stone bottle or jug.
GRICE, gryce, gris, a pig.
GRIEVE, an overseer.
GRIPPET, grasped, caught.
GRIPPLE, rapacious, niggardly.
GUDE, guid, good.
GUDEMAN, master of a house.
GULPIN, a simpleton.
HADDEN, held, gone.
HAFFLIN, half grown.
HAG, a portion of copse marked off for cutting.
HAGGIS, a pudding peculiar to Scotland, containing oatmeal, suet, minced sheep’s liver, heart, etc., seasoned with onions, pepper, and salt, the whole mixture boiled in a sheep’s stomach.
HALLAN, a partition, a screen.
HANK, a skein of yarn.
HANSEL, a present.
HANTLE, a great deal.
HAUD, hauld, hold.
HECK, a hay rack; at heck and manger, in plenty.
HEEZIE, a lift.
HEUCH, a crag, a steep bank.
HILDING, a coward.
HIRSEL, a flock.
HIZZIE, a housewife, a hussy.
HOG, a young sheep before its first shearing.
HORNING, charge of, a summons to pay a debt, on pain of being pronounced a rebel, to the sound of a horn.
HORSE-COUPER, horse-cowper, a horse-dealer.
HOUDIE, a midwife.
HOULERYING AND POULERYING, hustling and pulling.
HOWE, a hollow.
HOWM, flat low ground.
HUMBLE-COW, a cow without horns.
HUNDS, hounds. ilka, every.
HURDLES, the buttocks.
HURLEY-HOUSE, a large house fallen into disrepair.
ILK, same; of that ilk, of the same name or place,
ILKA, each, every.
IN THE BEES, stupefied.
INGLE, a fire burning upon the hearth.
INTROMIT, meddle with.
ITHER, other. jaw-hole, a sink.
Jo, a sweetheart.
KAHN, a skiff.
KAIM, a low ridge, a comb.
KAIN, part of a farm-rent paid in fowls.
KEEP, a stronghold.
KEEPIT, kept, attended.
KEMPLE, a Scotch measure of straw or hay.
KENNA, do not know.
KIBE, an ulcerated chilblain, a chapped heel.
KILLOGIE, the open space before a kiln fire.
KILTING, girding or tucking up.
KIMMER, a female gossip.
KIPPAGE, disorder, confusion.
KIPPER, cured salmon.
KIST, a chest, a coffin.
KITCHEN-MORT, kinchen-mort, a girl.
KITT, a number, the whole.
KITTLE, tickle, ticklish.
KNAVE, a boy.
KNEVELL, knead, beat severely.
KNOBBLER, a male deer in its second year.
KOBOLD, a hobgoblin. laird, lord of the manor.
KYLOE, a small Highland cow.
LAIRD, lord of the manor.
LAIRD, squire, lord of the manor.
LAMPIT, a limpet.
LANDLOUPER, a wanderer, a vagabond.
LANG OR, long before.
LANGSYNE, long ago.
LAP AND PAUNEl, liquor and food.
LASSIE, a young girl.
LAWING, a tavern reckoning.
LEDDY, a lady.
LEE LAND, pasture land.
LEG BAIL, to give, to run away.
LETTER-GAE, the precentor is called by Allan Ramsay ‘the letter-gae of haly rhyme.’
LEVIN, lightning, scorn.
LIE, a word used in old Scottish legal documents to call attention to the following word or phrase.
LIFT, capture, carry off by theft.
LIFT, the sky.
LIGHTLY, make light of, disparage.
LIKE, as it were.
LIMMER, a hussy, a jade.
LINKS, the windings of a river.
LOAN, an open place, a lane.
LOANING, a milking place.
LOCH, a lake.
LONG BOWLS, ninepins.
LOOBY, a booby, a lout.
LOON, a worthless fellow, a lout, a clown, a rogue.
LOUP, leap, start.
LOW, blaze, flame.
LUCKIE, an elderly woman.
luckie, an old woman.
LUG, an ear, a handle.
LUNT, blaze, torch.
LUNZIE, the loins, the waist.
LYKEWAKE, a watch at night over a dead body. mair, more.
MAINS, the chief farm of an estate.
MAIR BY TOKEN, especially.
MAIST, most, almost. MART, beef salted down for winter.
MALT ABUNE THE MEAL, the drink above the food, half-seas over.
MASK, mash, infuse.
MEAL ARK, a meal chest.
MEDDLING AND MAKING, interfering.
MERK, an old silver coin worth 13s. 4d.
MESSAN, a little dog.
MICKLE, much, great.
MILLING IN THE DARKMANS, murder by night.
MINDED, looked after.
MIRK, dark; pit mirk, pitch dark.
MISGUGGLED, mangled, rumpled.
MOONSHIE, a secretary.
MORN, the morn, tomorrow.
MORNING, a morning dram.
MOSS-HAG, a pit, a slough.
MOSS, a morass.
MUCKLE, much, great.
MUIR, a moor, a heath.
MUSCAVADO, unrefined sugar.
MUTCHKIN, a measure equal to an English pint.
NA, nae, no, not.
NAIL, the sixteenth part of a yard.
NAINSELL, own self.
NATHELESS, nathless, nevertheless.
NE’ER BE IN ME, devil be in me.
NEB, nose, tip.
NEEDNA, need not.
NOLT, black cattle. ony, any.
NOW, the, at once.
ODD-COME-SHORTLY, chance time not far in the future.
O’T, of it.
OLD TO DO, great doings.
ORRA, odd, unemployed, occasional.
OUT OF HOUSE AND HAULD, destitute.
OUT, out in rebellion.
OUTCAST, a falling out, a quarrel.
OWT, the exterior, out.
PAITRICK, a partridge.
PARRITCH, oatmeal porridge.
PAUNIE, a peacock.
PEAT-HAG, a bog.
PECULIUM, private property.
PEEL-HOUSE, a fortified tower.
PENDICLE, a small piece of ground.
PENNY-STANE, a stone quoit.
PINGLE, a fuss, trouble.
PINNERS, a headdress for women.
PIRN, a reel.
PLACK, a copper coin worth one third of a penny.
PLAIDY, an outer covering for the body.
PLOUGH-GATE OF LAND, land that can be tilled with one plough.
PLOY, an entertainment, a pastime.
POCK, a pouch, a bag.
POSCHAY, a post-chaise.
POTTINGER, an apothecary.
POW, the head.
POWNIE, a pony.
POWNY, a pony.
POWTERING, poking, stirring.
PRECENTOR, a leader of congregational singing.
PRETTY MAN, a stout, warlike fellow.
PRIN, a pin.
QUEAN, a young woman, a wench.
RAMBLE, a spree.
RANDLE-TREE, a horizontal bar across a chimney, on which pot-hooks are hung; sometimes used as an opprobrious epithet.
RANGING AND RIPING, scouring and searching.
RASP-HOUSE, a custom-house.
RED COCK CRAW, kindle a fire.
REDD, part, separate.
REDDING-STRAIK, a blow received when trying to separate combatants.
REIF AND WEAR, robbery and injury.
REISE, a bough.
REISES, twigs, branches.
REIVER, a robber.
RESILING, retracting, withdrawing.
RETOUR, return of a writ.
RIGGS, ridges, ploughed ground.
RINTHEROUT, a roving person, a vagabond.
RIVE, rend, rob.
ROKELAY, a short cloak.
ROTTEN, rottan, a rat.
ROUP, an auction.
ROUPIT, sold at auction.
ROUTING, snoring, bellowing.
ROWT, cried out, bellowed,
ROYNISH, scurvy, coarse.
RUDAS, coarse, hag-like.
RUMP AND DOZEN, meat and drink, a good dinner.
RUN GOODS, smuggled goods.
SAIN, mark with the sign of the cross, bless.
SAIR, sore, very.
SAMYN, the same.
SARK, a shirt.
SAUGH, a willow tree.
SAUMON, a salmon.
SAY, a sample.
SCAFF-RAFF, riff raff.
SCART, scratched, written on.
SCARTED, scratched, scribbled over.
SCHELLUM, a rascal.
SCHNAPS, a dram of liquor.
SCONES, flat round cakes.
SCOUPING, scowping, skipping, leaping, running.
SCOURING THE CRAMP-RING, said metaphorically for being thrown into fetters or, generally, into prison.
SCREED O’ DRINK, a drinking bout.
SCROLL, engross, copy.
SEANNACHIE, a Highland antiquary.
SEMPLE, simple, poor people.
SHAKE-RAG, a tatterdemalion.
SHEALING, sheiling, a shed, a hut.
SHEARING, reaping, harvest.
SHERRA, a sheriff.
SHILPIT, weak, sickly.
SHOEING-HORN, something that leads to more drinking.
SHOUTHER, the shoulder.
SIC, SICCAN, so, such.
SIDIER DHU, black soldiers, independent companies raised to keep peace in the Highlands; named from the tartans they wore.
SIDIER ROY, red soldiers, King George’s men.
SIKES, small brooks.
SILLER, silver, money.
SKEEL, a bucket, a tub.
SKIG, the least quantity of anything.
SLACK, a hollow, a morass.
SLAP, a breach.
SLIVER, slice, slit.
SLOW-HUND, a sleuth hound.
SMACK, smaik, a rogue, a low wretch.
SNOOD, a fillet worn by young women.
SOPITE, quiet a brawl.
SORNERS, sornars, sojourners, sturdy beggars, especially those unwelcome visitors who exact lodgings and victuals by force.
SORTED, arranged, adjusted.
SOUP O’ DRINK, a spoonful.
SOUPLE, a cudgel.
SOWENS, the seeds of oatmeal soured.
SPEER, ask, investigate.
SPENCE, the place where provisions are kept.
SPORRAN-MOLLACH, a Highland purse of goatskin.
SPRACK, animated, lively.
SPRECHERY, movables of an unimportant sort.
SPRING, a cheerful tune.
SPRUG, a sparrow.
SPUNG, pick one’s pocket.
SPUNK, a spark.
ST. JOHNSTONE’S TIPPET, a rope or halter for hanging.
STARK, a heifer, a bullock.
STELL, a stall, a covert.
STICKIT, stopped, hindered.
STIEVE, stiff, firm.
STIR YOUR GEAR, disturb your goods.
STIRK, a young steer or heifer.
STIVER, a small Dutch coin.
STOOR, rough, harsh.
STOT, a bullock.
STOUP, a jug, a drinking vessel, a wooden pitcher.
STRATH, a valley through which a river runs.
STREEKS, stretches, lies.
SUNKETS, delicacies, provisions of any kind.
SUNKIE, a low stool.
SYNE, before, now, ago, since.
TA, the. TAIGLIT, harassed, loitered.
TAIGLIT, harassed, encumbered, loitered.
TAILZIE, taillie, a deed of entail.
TAIT, a tuft.
TAP, the top.
TAPPIT-HEN, a pewter pot that holds three English quarts.
TASS, a cup.
TAYOUT, tailliers-hors; in modern phrase, Tally-ho!
TEIL, the devil.
THEREAWA’, thence, thereabout.
THOLE, bear, suffer.
THRAPPLE, the windpipe, the throat.
THRAW, twist, wrench.
THREEPIT, maintained obstinately.
THRISTLE, a thistle.
THROSTLE, the thrush.
TIPPENNY, ale at twopence a bottle.
TIRRIVIES, hasty fits of passion,
TOCHERLESS, without dowry.
TOD, a fox.
TOLBOOTH, a jail.
TOUN, a town, a hamlet, a farm.
TOW, a rope.
TOY, an old-fashioned cap for women.
TRINE TO THE CHEAT, get hanged.
TROKING, intercourse, trafficking.
TROW, believe, suppose, trust.
TULZIE, tuilzie, a scuffle, a quarrel, a brawl.
TUME, toom, empty.
TURNSPIT DOGGIE, a kind of dog, long-bodied and short-legged, formerly used in turning a treadmill.
TWEEL, a web.
TYKE, a dog, a rough fellow.
UMQUHILE, formerly, late.
UNCANNY, weird, unlucky.
UNCO, strange, very,
UPRIGHT MAN, the leader (and greatest rogue) of the gang. wa’, wall.
VENY, venue, a bout.
WADSET, a deed conveying property to a creditor
WAIN, a wagon; to remove.
WALISE, a portmanteau, saddlebags.
WARLD, the world.
WARLOCK, a wizard.
WASTER, a long spear.
WEAN, a young child.
WEARY FA’, curse.
WEDDER, a wether.
WEEL-FARD, weel-faur’d, having a good appearance.
WEISING, inclining, directing.
WEIZE, direct, incline.
WHAAP, the (or the Hope), is the sheltered part or hollow of the hill. Hoff, howff, haaf, and haven are all modifications of the same word.
WHAT FOR, why.
WHEEN, a few.
WHILE SYNE, a while ago.
WHIN, a few.
WHINGER, a kind of knife, a hanger.
WHISTLE, give information against one.
WHITTRET, a weasel.
WINNA, will not.
WISKE, whisk, brandish.
WITTERS, the barbs of the spear.
WOODIE, wuddie, a rope, a halter, the gallows.
WORRICOW, a hobgoblin.
WOTS NA, does not know.
WRANG SIDE OF THE BLANKET, illegitimate.
WRITER, an attorney.
WUDDIE, a rope, the gallows.
YAFFING, chattering, barking.
YET, yere, your.